Mythical Critters

Cryptozoology with a twist

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fantagraphics:

"There are three things I have learned never to discuss with people: religion, politics, and the Great Pumpkin." – Linus Van Pelt

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Filed under mythical creatures mythology peanuts the great pumpkin

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mythologyrules:

Pictures:
Amulet depicting a ram-headed falcon
Horus
Horus relief in the Temple of Edfu

The Conflict Between Horus and Set (mostly focusing on Horus)

In Egyptian mythology, Horus is the falcon-headed god of the sky, pharaohs, war, and protection.
The Pharaohs of ancient Egypt were said to be living manifestations of Horus himself.
The name Horus presumably means the “Distant One”. Two Horus’ appear in the ancient sources: Horus the Elder (or “Horus the Great”) and Horus the Younger. These two may be separate deities or different aspects of one. Horus the Elder is a primeval god who initiates creation, and is the son of Hathor or Nut.

Horus the Younger is the son of Isis, who gives birth to him in the Nile Delta after a pregnancy that lasts ten months. Horus grows up to be the avenger of his father, Osiris, who has been murdered by the god Set. The struggles between Set and Horus (who are either brothers or uncle and nephew), as they both want to be ruler of Egypt, are described in the myths:
When Horus complains to his mother about Set admiring him, and wanting to have intercourse, Isis advises him that he must not give in unless Set agrees to share some of his magical strength, and even then, Horus has to catch all of Set’s semen in his hand. In the New Kingdom Contendings of Horus and Set, Horus catches the semen, and Isis promptly cuts the contaminated hand off, and throws it in the Nile. Isis then smears Horus’ semen on lettuce in Set’s garden.

According to Papyrus Chester-Beatty I, after Set eats the lettuce, Horus and Set go to the gods to settle the argument over the rule of Egypt. The gods first listens to Set’s claim of dominance over Horus, and call his semen forth, but it answers from the river, invalidating his claim. Then, the gods listens to Horus’ claim of having dominated Set, and call his semen forth, and it answers from inside Set.

However, Set still refuses to relent, and Horus and Set challenges each other to a boat race, where they each race in a boat made of stone. But Horus’ boat is made of wood, only painted to resemble stone, instead of real stone. Set’s boat, being made of heavy stone, sinks, but Horus’ does not. Horus wins the race, and Set steps down and officially gives Horus the throne of Egypt.

This myth, along with others, could be seen as an explanation of how the two kingdoms of Egypt (Upper and Lower) came to be united. Horus was seen as the God of Upper Egypt, and Set as the God of Lower Egypt. In this myth, the respective Upper and Lower deities have a fight, through which Horus is the victor. However, some of Horus (representing Upper Egypt) enters into Set (Lower Egypt) thus explaining why Upper Egypt is dominant over Lower Egypt.

Sources:
Egyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient Egypt by Geraldine Pinch
Wikipedia
Egyptartsite.com/battle

Filed under mythology mythical creatures egypt egyptian gods horus